A structured arrangement comprising items and their attributes organized in a hierarchical manner. This organizational framework categorizes entities based on shared characteristics, allowing for systematic classification and organization. Taxonomies are commonly used in various fields, including biology, information science, and knowledge management, to facilitate efficient data retrieval, analysis, and understanding. By delineating relationships and dependencies between different items, taxonomies enable researchers, practitioners, and systems to navigate and comprehend complex datasets effectively. This hierarchical structure enhances the accessibility and usability of information, fostering clearer insights and facilitating decision-making processes across diverse domains.