The explicit, literal meaning of a word, distinguishing it from connotation, which encompasses the implied or associated meanings. While machines excel at understanding and processing the denotative aspects of language, capturing the precise dictionary definitions, they often struggle with connotation. Connotation involves cultural, emotional, or associative nuances that extend beyond a word’s direct meaning, requiring a level of interpretive understanding that machines find challenging. This distinction is crucial in language processing and interpretation, where a word’s denotation is straightforward but its connotation can vary significantly, affecting the overall interpretation of texts.