Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS)

Encompasses the intricate integration of cyber and physical spaces, where hardware and software components are deeply interwoven, operating across various spatial and temporal scales. CPS exhibit diverse behavioral modalities and interact dynamically, adapting their interactions based on contextual changes. This convergence enables seamless communication and coordination between physical devices and computational systems, facilitating functionalities such as real-time monitoring, control, and automation across interconnected environments. By bridging the gap between the digital and physical realms, CPS revolutionize numerous domains, including smart infrastructure, healthcare, transportation, and manufacturing, ushering in a new era of interconnectedness and efficiency.